Stan Lee, the architect of the contemporary comic book, has died.
The legendary comic book writer and creator of many Marvel superheroes, Stan Lee (@TheRealStanLee), died on Nov. 12 at the age of 95.
Lee has for decades been revered for his central role in creating the Incredible Hulk, Spider-Man, Iron Man, and other major Marvel characters.
In more recent years he has become a grandfatherly figure over the Marvel Cinematic Universe, with his comical cameos in each film beloved by fans.
In collaboration with several artists – particularly Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko – he co-created fictional characters including Spider-Man, the Hulk, Doctor Strange, the Fantastic Four, Daredevil, Black Panther, the X-Men, and – also with co-writer Larry Lieber – the characters Ant-Man, Iron Man, and Thor.
In doing so, Lee pioneered a more complex approach to writing superheroes in the 1960s, and in the 1970s challenged the standards of the Comics Code Authority, indirectly leading to it updating its policies.
Following his retirement from Marvel, he remained a public figurehead for the company, and frequently made cameo appearances in Marvel Cinematic Universe films.
Meanwhile, he continued independent creative ventures into his 90s.
Lee was inducted into the comic book industry’s Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1995. He received a National Medal of Arts in 2008.
On July 6, 2017, his wife for 69 years, Joan, died of complications from a stroke. She was 95 years old.
Tributes from a broad array of admirers acknowledged Lee’s passing.
“Born before Edwin Hubble discovered the expanding universe, he ultimately created an expanding universe of his own – one of scientifically literate superheroes such as Spider-Man , The Hulk, Iron Man, & Black Panther. Stan Lee RIP: 1922 – 2018,” said astronomer Neil deGrasse Tyson.
Billionaire Elon Musk said, “Rest in peace, Stan Lee. The many worlds of imagination & delight you created for humanity will last forever.”
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