On this day in history, Aug. 4, 1944, Anne Frank and her family were found hiding in Amsterdam by Nazis.
Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank was born on 12 June 1929, and became one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust, after she gained fame posthumously following the publication of The Diary of a Young Girl, in which she documents her life in hiding from 1942 to 1944, during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
It is one of the world’s most widely known books and has been the basis for several plays and films.
From July 1942, when the family went into hiding in some concealed rooms behind a bookcase in the building where Anne’s father worked, until the family’s arrest by the Gestapo in August 1944, Anne kept a diary she had received as a birthday present, and wrote in it regularly.
Following their arrest, the Franks were transported to concentration camps. In October or November 1944, Anne and her sister, Margot, were transferred to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp from Auschwitz, where they died a few months later.
Frank’s father, Otto, the only survivor of the family, returned to Amsterdam after the war to find that her diary had been saved by one of the helpers, Miep Gies.
As the sole member of his family to survive the Holocaust, Otto Frank arranged for the publication of her diary in 1947, and oversaw its transition to the stage and screen. It was translated from its original Dutch version and first published in English in 1952, as The Diary of a Young Girl, and has since been translated into over 60 languages.
“Anne Frank: 70 Years Later” had its world premiere at the University of Warsaw in April 2015 during the week of ‘Yom HaShoah’ (Holocaust Memorial Day).
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