STATE – New Jersey is one of ten states that lost a seat in the House of Representatives following the 2010 Census.
When the next federal election occurs in 2012, New Jersey will send only 12 members to the House of Representatives. The state currently has 13 seats in the House.
Under federal law, the size of the House of Representatives is limited to 435 seats. They are apportioned based on the number of residents in each state. On average, each member of the House represents 710,767 people.
“The decennial count has been the basis for our representative form of government since 1790,” Census Bureau Director Robert Groves said. “At that time, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House has more than quadrupled in size, with each member now representing about 21 times as many constituents.”
New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, Michigan and Ohio were the other states that lost seats in the House.
Texas gained four House seats. Nevada, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Utah and Washington will also increase the size of their legislative delegations.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2010, was 308,745,538. That represented an increase of 9.7 percent over the 2000 U.S. resident population of 281,421,906.
New Jersey’s resident population was 8,791,894, up 4.5 percent from 8,414,350 on April 1, 2000.
The most populous state was California (37,253,956); the least populous, Wyoming (563,626). The state that gained the most numerically since the 2000 Census was Texas (up 4,293,741 to 25,145,561) and the state that gained the most as a percentage of its 2000 Census count was Nevada (up 35.1 percent to 2,700,551).
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