By Grace-Marie Turner
Shortly after President Obama signed the health overhaul law, several major corporations reported it would take a bite out of their future earnings. This group included AT&T, Caterpillar, John Deere, Verizon, and several other large employers.
Convinced these businesses were cooking their books to cast the new law in a bad light, House Energy and Commerce Chairman Henry Waxman promptly subpoenaed documents and demanded executives testify to defend their announcements. But after combing through 1,100 pages of corporate documents and emails, Chairman Waxman’s staff cancelled the hearing and announced that “the companies acted properly and in accordance with accounting standards.”
In other words, even though some lawmakers don’t want to believe it, ObamaCare is already proving costly to American businesses. And ironically, the new law could cause many workers to lose the health benefits they get through their jobs.
So what’s driving up costs for America’s employers? For starters, there’s the new tax on retiree drug coverage at issue with their confrontation with Chairman Waxman.
When lawmakers created the Medicare drug benefit in 2003, they wanted to make sure that employers who already provided prescription drug coverage to their retirees didn’t shift those costs onto taxpayers. So Congress decided to reimburse these employers for 28 percent of the cost of their plans through a tax-free subsidy. This would be generous enough for employers to continue to provide the retiree coverage, but cheaper than having taxpayers foot the full bill.
Under ObamaCare, that subsidy will be taxed. Over the next decade, according to the consulting firm Towers Watson, this will cost employers $14 billion.
In addition, the health overhaul law requires private employers to allow employees to add their 26-year-old “children” to their insurance for the policy year starting this September. This requirement will push up the cost of health insurance. Caterpillar alone estimates the mandate will raise its health insurance costs by $20 million each year.
The new law also imposes billions of dollars in new fees and excise taxes and prohibits many of the tools that insurance companies have used to keep costs down, like caps on coverage and co-payments on preventive care.
Without factoring in the new health overhaul, large companies had predicted that insurance costs would increase between 6.5 and 7 percent next year. ObamaCare could send average health insurance cost increases for major employers into double digit territory.
Indeed, it’s no longer inconceivable that some large companies may decide to drop health insurance altogether as many may conclude it’s cheaper and less risky to pay fines to the government than offer insurance to their workers.
Under the new law, every employer with more than 50 workers will be required to either offer health insurance or pay an annual penalty of $2,000 per full-time worker. If they offer coverage and it doesn’t meet certain tests, they could face fines of $3,000 per worker.
Paying a penalty will be much less expensive than paying for insurance. Consider AT&T, a company that spends $2.4 billion a year on employee health coverage. If AT&T decided not to cover its workers, it would be on the hook for only $600 million in fines.
If employers stop offering health insurance, taxpayers will wind up picking up the cost of coverage for millions more Americans. The cost of ObamaCare will skyrocket, as will our deficit and our taxes.
It’s becoming clear that the health overhaul will have disastrous consequences for the economy. Americans now realize this; a recent survey from Rasmussen Reports found that 60 percent of voters favor repeal of the new law. The American people opposed passage of ObamaCare and the more they learn about it, the more their opposition grows.
Grace-Marie Turner is president of the Galen Institute, a non-profit research organization focusing on patient-centered solutions to health reform. She can be at email@example.com.
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