Court Rules “In God We Trust” Constitutional

Court Ok's God

SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. – The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the phrases “under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance and “In God We Trust” on U.S. currency do not violate the Constitution’s separation of church and state.

“The Pledge is constitutional,” Judge Carlos Bea wrote in the 2-1 ruling. “The Pledge of Allegiance serves to unite our vast nation through the proud recitation of some of the ideals upon which our Republic was founded.”


The court ruled 3-0 on the money motto.

See the complete rulings (pdf format).

Sacramento atheist Michael Newdow filed the challenges, arguing that the references to God disrespect his beliefs.

Mathew Staver, dean of Liberty University School of Law, commented: “The words ‘In God We Trust’ are part of our American heritage…. America was founded upon religious principles and the belief in God. Mere expression of our heritage cannot establish a religion. A public acknowledgement of God is not an establishment of religion.”

Connect with NJTODAY.NET

Join NJTODAY.NET's free Email List to receive occasional updates delivered right to your email address!
Email for advertising information Send stuff to NJTODAY.NET Like Us On Facebook Follow Us On Twitter Download this week's issue of NJTODAY.NET
Print Friendly, PDF & Email