Non-Community Water Sources

By Ronald G. Rios
Middlesex County Freeholder Chairperson,
Committee of Public Health and Education

The human body is estimated to be made up of between 60 to 70 percent water, and drinking some every day is an easy, but crucial way to maintain good health. Water not only keeps our bodies hydrated, but helps us transport vitamins and minerals and eliminate waste. Since water is essential to our survival, we need to make sure that there are always safe sources of healthy water available for us to drink.

You may be surprised to learn that some public buildings and businesses in Middlesex County use well water as their primary source of water. These establishments include: restaurants, schools, service centers, car dealers, Houses of Worship, camps, office buildings, and swim clubs, as well as many others. Locations use their own well water when they are not located near a public water supply line. These locations are considered to be non-community water systems, and there are two types; transient and non-transient.


A “public transient non-community water system,” serves at least 25 individuals for at least sixty days in any given calendar year. This would be a location where you might stop once or just a few times during the year. Places like service centers or restaurants fall under this category. These locations are required to test their water for total coliform bacteria and nitrates. Currently there are 33 transient locations in Middlesex County that are inspected by the Middlesex County Environmental Health Division.

A “public non-transient non-community water system,” regularly serves at least 25 of the SAME persons for more than six months in any calendar year. This would be a location where the same people spend more time, like a school or office building. These locations are required to sample for many different parameters. Some of these include total coliform bacteria, nitrites, volatile organic chemicals, lead, copper, and inorganics. Currently there are 6 non-transient locations in Middlesex County that are inspected by the Middlesex County Environmental Health Division.

Both of these systems are required to follow certain water sampling schedules and submit their results to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Bureau of Safe Drinking Water (NJDEP-BSDW). And all public transient and public non-transient non-community water systems are inspected to assure that NJDEP-BSDW regulations are adhered to, and that the required monitoring is being done to insure the safety and quality of your drinking water. If you have any questions or concerns, you can contact the Middlesex County Environmental Health Division at 732-745-8480.

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